The India Pale Ale (IPA) is used to describe a hop-forward, bitter, dryish beer. None of these beers ever historically went to India, and many aren’t pale.The standard version generally stands for the American IPA and range between 5.0-7.0 ABV.
The American IPA is a decidedly hoppy and bitter, moderately strong American ale, showcasing modern American or New World hop varieties. The balance is hop-forward, with a clean fermentation profile, dryish finish, and clean, supporting malt allowing a creative range of hop character to shine through.
The “East Coast IPA” is more balanced, offering a malt sweetness with citrus and fruity hop character with a nice little hop bitterness, more reminiscent to traditional english IPAs.
In the case of the “West Coast IPA”, bitterness is the at the frontline and pushes malty sweetness to the very back. Stronger and more highly hopped than an American Pale Ale. Compared to an English IPA, has less of the English character from malt, hops, and yeast, less body, and often has a more hoppy balance and is slightly stronger than most examples. Less alcohol than a Double IPA, but with a similar balance. Color ranges from medium gold to light reddish-amber although many substyles exist, each having their own color tone. These other IPA substyles generally are closer-related to their base IPA substyle and should be listed with them, if the substyle is listed.